Nobel Peace Center

Album

  1. Photo: Johannes Granseth / Nobel Peace Center
  2. Photo: Johannes Granseth / Nobel Peace Center
  3. Photo: Johannes Granseth / Nobel Peace Center

The Peace Cloud

The Peace Cloud is a tribute to all the unique people and organisations that have been awarded the Nobel Peace Price since 1901.

Alfred Nobel mentions three criteria before awarding the prize: “for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.” It has been the Norwegian Nobel Committee’s responsibility for nearly a hundred years to interpret Alfred Nobel’s will and decide who is deserving of the Nobel Peace Prize. As of 2016 the number of laureates is 126. UNHCR received the Nobel Peace Prize twice, and the Red Cross three times.

The authors of the book The Nobel peace Prize, 100 years with peace split the laureates into six different categories: The Peace Movement, Humanitarian Work, a Better Organized World, Disarmament, Peace Negotiations and Human Rights. This categorization served as a background for the creation of the Peace Cloud. Portraits of the laureates  have different colours, based on the category they belong to. Below you will find a list that shows which category and colour each laureate is allocated:

The Peace Movement
  1. Frédéric Passy (1901)
  2. Elie Ducommun (1902)
  3. Charles Albert Gobat (1902)
  4. Sir Wiliam Randal Cremer (1903)
  5. Institute of International Law (1904)
  6. Bertha von Suttner (1905)
  7. Ernesto Teodoro Moneta (1907)
  8. Louis Renault (1907)
  9. Klas Pontus Arnoldson (1908)
  10. Fredrik Bajer (1908)
  11. Auguste Marie François Beernaert (1909)
  12. Paul d’ Estnournelles de Constant (1909)
  13. Permanent International Peace Bureau (1910)
  14. Tobias Michael Carel Asser (1911)
  15. Alfred Hermann Fried (1911)
  16. Henri La Fontaine (1913)
  17. Christian Lous Lange (1921)
  18. Lars Olof Jonathan Söderblom (1930)
  19. Jane Addams (1931)
  20. Sir (Ralph) Norman Angell (1933)
  21. Lord Robert Cecil (1937)
  22. Emily Greene Balch (1946)
  23. John Raleigh Mott (1946)
  24. Betty Williams (1976)
  25. Mairead Corrigan (1976)

 

Humanitarian Work
  1. Henri Dunant (1901)
  2. ICRC (1917)
  3. Fridtjof Nansen (1922)
  4. Nansen International Office for Refugees (1938)
  5. ICRC (1944)
  6. Friends Service Council (1947)
  7. American Friends Service Committee (1947)
  8. Baron John Boyd Orr (1949)
  9. Albert Schweitzer (1952)
  10. UNHCR (1954)
  11. Georges Pire (1958)
  12. ICRC (1963)
  13. The League of Red Cross Societies (1963)
  14. UNICEF (1965)
  15. Norman Ernest Borlaug (1970)
  16. Mother Teresa (1979)
  17. UNHCR (1981)
  18. Médecins Sans Frontières (1999)
  19. Wangari Maathai (2004)
  20. Muhammad Yunus (2006)
  21. Grameen Bank (2006)

 

A Better Organized World
  1. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (1919)
  2. Léon Bourgeois (1920)
  3. Karl Hjalmar Branting (1921)
  4. Cordel Hull (1945)
  5. Léon Jouhaux (1951)
  6. George Catlett Marshall (1953)
  7. Lester Bowles Pearson (1957)
  8. Dag Hammarskjöld (1961)
  9. ILO (1969)
  10. The United Nations Peacekeeping Forces (1988)
  11. The United Nations (2001)
  12. Kofi Annan (2001)
  13. IPCC (2007)
  14. Al Gore (2007)
  15. Barack Obama (2009)
  16. EU (2012)

 

Disarmament
  1. Arthur Henderson (1934)
  2. Philip John Noel-Baker (1959)
  3. Linus Carl Pauling (1962)
  4. Eisaku Sato (1974)
  5. Alfonso Garcia Robles (1982)
  6. Alva Myrdal (1982)
  7. IPPNW (1985)
  8. Pugwash (1995)
  9. Joseph Rotblat (1995)
  10. ICBL (1997)
  11. Jody Williams (1997)
  12. IAEA (2005)
  13. Mohamed ElBaradei (2005)
  14. OPCW (2013)

 

 Peace Negotiations
  1. Theodore Roosevelt (1906)
  2. Elihu Root (1912)
  3. Sir Austen Chamberlain (1925)
  4. Charles Gates Dawes (1925)
  5. Aristide Briand (1926)
  6. Gustav Stresemann (1926)
  7. Ferdinand Edouard Buisson (1927)
  8. Ludwig Quidde (1927)
  9. Frank Billings Kellogg (1929)
  10. Nicholas Murray Butler (1931)
  11. Carlos Saavedara Lamas (1936)
  12. Ralph Bunche (1950)
  13. Willy Brandt (1971)
  14. Henry A. Kissinger (1973)
  15. Le Duc Tho (1973)
  16. Mohammad Anwar al-Sadat (1978)
  17. Menachem Begin (1978)
  18. Oscar Arias Sánchez (1987)
  19. Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbatsjov (1990)
  20. Nelson Mandela (1993)
  21. Frederik Willem de Klerk (1993)
  22. Yasser Arafat (1994)
  23. Shimon Peres (1994)
  24. Yitzhak Rabin (1994)
  25. José Ramos Horta (1996)
  26. John Hume (1998)
  27. David Trimble (1998)
  28. Kim Dae-jung (2000)
  29. Jimmy Carter (2002)
  30. Martti Ahtisaari (2008)

 

Human Rights
  1. Carl von Ossietzky (1935)
  2. Albert John Lutuli (1960)
  3. Martin Luther King Jr. (1964)
  4. René Cassin (1968)
  5. Seán MacBride (1974)
  6. Andrei Sakharov (1975)
  7. Amnesty International (1977)
  8. Adolfo Pérez Esquivel (1980)
  9. Lech Walesa (1983)
  10. Desmond Mpilo Tutu (1984)
  11. Elie Wiesel (1986)
  12. Dalai Lama (1989)
  13. Aung San Suu Kyi (1991)
  14. Rigoberta Menchú Tum (1992)
  15. Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo (1996)
  16. Shirin Ebadi (2003)
  17. Liu Xiaobo (2010)
  18. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (2011)
  19. Leymah Gbowee (2011)
  20. Tawakkol Karman (2011)
  21. Kailash Satyarthi (2014)
  22. Malala Yousafzai (2014)
  23. The National Dialogue Quartet (2015)

 

The Peace Cloud was developed by Christine Lohre, scenographer, in cooperation with Tommy Modalsli, project manager at the Nobel Peace Center, and Stian Berger, designer at  Melkeveien.